The most historical site present in This temple is a 10th-century Cambodian temple located in the Angkor region. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva, near the hill of Phnom Dei. This hill is located in the northeast of the main group of temples, which belonged to the medieval capitals of Yasodharapura and Angkor Thom. The buildings of this temple are miniature in scale when measured by the standards of Angkorian construction.
Banteay Srei Temple is constructed with red sandstone, its wall has elaborative carvings which can be observed even today. It is popularly also known as a “precious gem” or the “jewel of Khmer art”. It is very popular among tourists and is praised all over the world for its beauty.
One of the main things about this temple is that it is not built by any monarch, but by the courtiers named Vishnukumara and Yajnavaraha, consecrated on 22 April 967 AD. It was Yajnavaraha who served as a counselor to king Rajendravarman II. It is also believed that Yajnavaraha was a scholar and a philanthropist. He was the grandson of king Harsavarman I, 117 AD, and helped the ones who suffered from illness, injustice, or poverty. Originally, this temple, Banteay Srei, was surrounded by a town known as Isvarapura. Yajnavaraha’s one of the pupils became future king Jayavarman V (968 – 1001).
Firstly, this temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva and carried the nameTribhuvanamahesvara, which meant great lord of the threefold world, it represents the Shaivite Linga. The building of the temple seems to be divided, in certain directions, like the east-west axis, the south axis is devoted to Siva, and the north axis is devoted to Visnu.
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